Cookies, or data storage and recovery and terminal mechanisms, are a file sent by a website to the user’s browser which is automatically stored in their terminal so that the website in question can consult the user’s previous activity and recognise them.
Cookies may remember other types of personal information such as user password, so that there is no need to enter it every time the same site is visited, or user preferences in regard to the website configuration (language, screen resolution among others).
Cookies are essential for the running of the internet and provide innumerable benefits in the provision of interactive services, facilitating browsing on the website and its usability. Cookies cannot damage your device. Keeping them activated helps to identify and rectify errors.
Cookies are ultimately nothing more than a succession of browsing data stored in the user’s device and which websites detect and recognise to “remember” the user’s browsing activity.
- First-party cookies: These are sent to the user’s device from a computer or domain managed by the website owner.
- Session cookies: A type of cookie designed for obtaining and storing data while the user is browsing a website and deleted from the user’s device when the session ends. The information obtained through these cookies is used to analyse traffic patterns in the website. In the long term, they provide a better experience, improving the content and facilitating its use.
- Persistent cookies: This is a type of cookie in which the data remains stored in the terminal and can be accessed and processed over a fixed period of time by the party responsible for the cookie. They are generally used to facilitate the different services offered by websites.
- Third-party cookies such as for example those used by social networks or by external content complements.
- Analytical cookies are those that allow the party responsible for them to track and analyse the behaviour of the users of the websites to which they are linked.
- Behavioural advertising cookies store information on user behaviour obtained from continuous observation of their browsing habits, allowing a profile to be developed for showing personalised advertising.
Supplementary guarantees – Cookie management:
All internet browsers allow the behaviour of a cookie to be limited or cookies to be disabled within the browser’s configuration or options. The steps to do so are different for each browser. Instructions can be found in your browser’s help menu.
Many browsers allow you to activate a private mode by which cookies are always deleted after browsing. Depending on each browser, this private mode can have different names. Below you can find a list of the most common browsers with a link to cookie configuration and the different names of this “private mode”:
Internet Explorer 8 and higher;
Safari 2 and higher;
Opera 10.5 and higher;
Firefox 3.5 and higher;
Google Chrome 10 and higher;